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Vamos a hacer memoria, os acordais de unos viejos cacharros rusos que se vendían en España hace la tira de años........?????
Pues bueno aqui teneis como han ido avanzando estos rusitos.
Empiezo con un poco de historia en inglés:
In July 1941 the State Defense Committee (GKO) adopted the decision to evacuate a number of large enterprises to Siberia, Urals and to Volga region.

ZIS was among them, with its that-time director I.A. Likhachov. It was he who sent a group of specialists headed by E.A. Dundukov to Ulianovsk to search a site for the assembly subdivision already in August 1941.

At that time Ulianovsk was a small town on the right bank of Volga, mainly of wooden buildings. Only two central streets demonstrated stone-work (Goncharova and Karl Marks streets).

The site for the plant's assembly was found on the Volga bank. There were the State Customs Department warehouses there. The site's advantage was in that two railway lines led there, and it was by these lines that the first managers and workers of the would-be Ulianovsk Automobile Plant (Ulinovsky Avtomobilny Zavod) arrived from Moscow on the 20th of October 1941. From the first day the work was in full swing. Warehouses had to be emptied and the newly arrived equipment was then to be mounted. Just in a little more than two months production successfully started and by the beginning of 1942 the ammunition Tools 2 Shop delivered its first output of air shells.

The main staff was from Moscow, numbering 1,500 with P.I. Shvartsburg as the head.

By May 1942 first five ZIS-5 automobiles had been assembled. There were Mechanical Assembly Shop 1, Mechanical Assembly Shop 2, Standards Shop, Assembly and Test Shop, Tool 1 and Tool 2 Shop, Thermic Shop with Metal Coating Division, Mechanical Mounting Shop, Railway Shop and the Main Laboratory.

And in July 1942, when the assembly rate raised to 20-30 vehicles per day, ZIS's Ulianovsk 4th branch (UlZIS) was officially appointed as the head plant to deliver ZIS-5 automobiles. At the same time field automobile workshops based on ZIS-5, low-displacement engines and gas-generator devices for ZIS-21 were assembled. On the 22nd of June, 1943 GKO adopted the decision to build an automobile plant in Ulianovsk. For that end the Town Executive Committee allotted 200 hectares of land beyond the Sviyaga river for industy and civil construction.

One of the most interesting events of that time was designing of the UlZIS-253 automobile. Designers and engineers, since arrival to Ulianovsk, had occupied first part of the Book Palace, then the Local Lore Museum, and in the autumn of 1944 moved to the new plant's site beyond the Sviyaga. In the spring of 1943 B.L Shaposhnik, the General Designer, was summoned to Moscow, where People's Commissar S.A. Akopov ordered to engineer new automobiles. Already by May 1944 the first sample of the Diesel truck named UlZIS-253 had been assembled.

That 3.5 metric tons Diesel truck was up to the American Studebaker in the engine's efficiency and dynamic properties, was highly appreciated by the specialists, but was never put to serial production by a number of reasons.

Only insignificant part of the multi-numbered plant's personnel lived on the new site, the rest were still scattered over the country-side. The plant's settlement consisted of 8 barracks, 25 flats each, and five wooden four-flat houses.

The total settlement's population as of the 16th of January 1945 numbered 1,200, 674 of which were on the plant's staff.

In April 1944 an order was issued to open the auto-mechanical technical school. Its first principal became A.M. Golubev. The first graduation of this school - several dozens of engineering technicians - took place on the 23d of May 1946 (three branches: die-forging, founding and cold working).

In the end of 1944 ZIS-5 vehicle production was moved to the town of Miass, and our plant was charged with GAZ-AA automobiles production. Already in the autumn of 1945 the first group of specialists from the Gorky automobile plant arrived to Ulianovsk, with first parties of various equipment and technical documentation. The plant, still under construction, was to begin delivering 1.5 metric tons GAZ-AA truck. The first such vehicle left shop's gates on the 26th of October 1947.

On the 31st of August, 1948 I.K. Loskutov was appointed the Ulianovsk automobile plant's director. In 1950es the main plant's buildings: Forge, Press Shop, the Main Assembly Line buildings were being built under his supervision, an automatic machines shop, a chassis shop, a woodworking shop were opened. In 1949 V.G. Demidenko, the former ZIS specialist, after having worked all the war in Miass, moved to the plant. His system of blanks unification made radical change in the production.

In 1950 the plant significantly raised the output of GAZ-MM trucks, actually similar in design to GAZ-AA. This was chiefly accounted for the increase of the productive capacities and manufacturing of new parts, which allowed to noticeably reduce the dependence on GAZ supplies.

At the same time, the plant's managers paid much attention to civil construction. The first street in the new living district was Avtozavodskaya Street. And near it a new cinema and concert hall with a stage and rooms for hobby groups was constructed.

In the summer of 1955 by an order of the USSR's Ministry of Automobile Industry the Ulianovsk automobile plant was charged to cope with the production of light-weight cross-country passenger GAZ-69 vehicles and trailers, formerly produced in Gorky. Those automobiles had been designed by Gorky designers headed by G.M. Vasserman and put to serial production in 1953. The sample parties of those cross-country vehicles left the assembly line already in the end of 1954. The first thousands of the 'green goats' were assembled using assemblies and parts, delivered to the plant from Gorky. Since 1955 the plant has officially specialized in production of light-weight cross-country vehicles. GAZ-69 proved to be widely used in many branches of the national economy in all the climate zones of this country. The vehicle got widely famed both in this country and abroad for its robustness, simple maintenance and other features. And in 1956 it entered the world market. As soon as in 1959 GAZ-69 was exported to 22 countries of the world.

In 1954 the General Designer Department was created at the plant. At first, it was a small group headed by I.A. Davydov; they received documentation from GAZ and passed it over to the engineering department after handling and acquisition. With coming of young specialists designing new UAZ family vehicles began. The first samples were assembled already in 1955.

The first vehicle of the family was UAZ-450A ambulance. A van arrangement with smooth contours, bent windshield providing good view, several stretches and sits inside, two driving axles and soft suspension - all these features meant a kind of revolution turn-over in the automobile techniques. The vehicle was second to none throughout the world at the time.

Responding to the users demands the General Designer Department designed new assemblies and units. Along with the ambulance, the UAZ-450D light-weight truck was created. In the 1950es there emerged an idea of all-round mechanization and automation of the assembly work among the plant's specialists. The engineers considered creation of pushing assembly lines. By their means using all the building volume and the basement, arranging transportation of the main automobile units in the desired direction, creating of hung-up storage for the units supplying the work places would have been provided. Implementation of the new system into the assembly turned so efficient, that "Izvestia" paper wrote: "There is not such a system either at GAZ, or at ZIL. The Ulianovsk people seem to have overcome their older brothers, from which they took lessons of large-scale serial production of lately."

In January 1961 a decision was adopted to cope with new automobile models. Already in that year the plant stated serial production of UAZ-451D platform truck and UAZ-451 van. At the same time improving technical characteristics of vehicles and arranging the units in a more rational way was being performed.

In 1959 designing a new passenger vehicle was commenced to take place of GAZ-69. In 1965 after thorough designers' work on the cab, suspension, axles final tests of UAZ-469 were performed, then the vehicle documentation was transferred to the engineering department.

At those years construction of many important large objects were performed in Ulianovsk, which were to turn the town into a large production and cultural center. Intensive building was in full swing in Zasviyazhye district as well. Houses with modern conveniences, schools, hospitals, kindergartens were being erected in several of its central micro-districts. Only in 1964 more than 500 families of the plant personnel celebrated moving to new flats. The Palace of Culture, a wide-screen cinema, musical school and a library were being built.

One of the main achievements of 1965 was production of UAZ-452A. At that time designers intensively worked on creation of specialized vehicles based on serial automobiles.

Thus, a cross-snow automobile was designed based on UAZ-451D. It had steering skis instead of the front wheels, while the rear axle was equipped with resin-metal caterpillars. Another interesting model, a cross-snow, cross-swamp vehicle with four caterpillar drives, was created on the base of a serial UAZ.

The very fact of creating such unique vehicles was one more evidence of apt design and rich potential of Ulianovsk cross-country automobiles. And as a natural result, the international exhibition of agricultural techniques held in May 1966 in Moscow gave the deserved yield. By the jury decision UAZ-452D truck was awarded the highest prize - a gold medal.

1966 was memorable for the multi-thousand staff of UAZ. On the 20th of August UAZ was awarded the order of the Red Banner of Labor for the ahead of time fulfillment of the seven-year plan, successful implementation of progressive techniques. Many of the personnel honored high state awards for many-years irreproachable record. That was how the people of UAZ celebrated the 25th anniversary of plant.

In January 1967 the USSR's Ministry of Automobile Industry and Gosplan adopted the project of reconstruction and expansion of the plant. This project provided 3.5 times raise in vehicles production and production of new models. At that time I.D. Maslov, the former secretary of the Ulianovsk district CPCU committee was appointed the director.

In early 1970es production of new passenger UAZ-469 was carried on. But the work was hampered by the lack of finance for construction and re-equipment of shops. The Ministry was reluctant to invest additional funds. Only in March 1971 the minister agreed to be demonstrated new automobiles. The products were presented by the General Designer P.I. Zhukov. It was only after that presentation that the minister gave his consent to allot the necessary funds and to serially produce the new Ulianovsk cross-country vehicle. The plant's staff was to transfer the production of GAZ-69 to other enterprises in limited time and get ready for uninterraptable and rythmic work from 1972.

In the spring of 1972, soon after founding of AvtoUAZ production amalgamation (with subordinating Ulianovks's Avtozapchast ("The Spare") plant) the new model cross-country automobiles successfully passed all the tests, which results proved the new Soviet automobiles to be of a acceptably high technical level.

In 1972 an extension was built at the south side of the main assembly line which made it possible to activate a second assembly line. In several months trucks production raised more than 1.5 times, labor productivity grew considerably.

On December15 1972 first serial UAZ-469 automobiles left the main assembly line, the per-day output of which was to raise more than twice already in the first quarter of 1973.

By February 1974 the total number of vehicles produced by the plant was about one million. On February 18 the millionth automobile left the assembly line. It was an UAZ-452.

Overcoming difficulties of growth the plant was steadily developing material and technical base for further increase of productivity.

One of the largest new-builds of the plant was Press and Body Building 2. More and more clear became the outlines of the second forge building. Instead of recent foundation pits the foundation of a new mechanic building was erected. Designers, engineers and builders prepared new working areas of body shops to be put to work to provide for a rythmic run of assembly lines. For 1974 complex mechanization of hard and labor-consuming processes was planned, first of all of store and transportation operations, usage of efficient mechanized warehouses and modern transportation techniques.

By the end of 1975 new working areas, automated production lines, hundreds of instances of the most modern tools were put to production at UAZ. The new third mechanic assembly building began its work, a mechanized welding and assembly line of UAZ-469 door extensions was near ready to be run in the second press and forge shop and a mechanized site for UAZ-452A body assembly in the second forge shop.

On February 16 1976 the Ulianovsky Avtomobilny Zavod was awarded the second order of the Red Banner of Labor for ahead of time fulfillment of the five-year plan and successful coping with new models of automobiles production.

In October 1977 UAZ-452 vehicle (a van) was granted the State Quality Sign, and UAZ-452D confirmed its correspondence to the highest quality category.

The further reconstruction on the plant made it possible to dramatically raise labor productivity in a number of work areas and improve the outer look of vehicles. The shop for dying UAZ-452 bodies was fully mechanized, new working areas were allotted for the automatic machines shop, new production capacities of forge shop were being involved. In two and a half years more than 150 new technological processes were implemented, as well as 700 items of new equipment and over 6,000 meters of various types assembly lines.

On the basis of the first and the second press and body, chassis frame, longeron and fixture shops the Press and Welding Production Unit was founded; merging several assembly, body-assembly and woodwork shops Body Assembly Production Unit was established. In November-December 1978 the Metallurgy Production Unit and the Auxiliary Shops Complex were created.

But quite not always mechanization and automation of production resulted in better labor organization. The main causes were low production culture, lack of qualified labor force, outdated tools. It was time to change the style of managing labor organization and technical progress, time to implement a system of effective control of decision fulfillment, to actively put VAZ experience into practice.

Soon the new General Director of the AvtoUAZ amalgamation, candidate of technical science Vitaly Vasilyevitch Takhtarov wrote an article to the plant's newspaper titled "The System Suitable for Interests of Every and Any". What was the essence of that system?

First and foremost, a large number of piece-workers were shifted to by-hour wages with bonuses for rate compliance and rate intensity. A team of workers became the smallest self-financing unit. Planning the production in norm-hour and teams' self-financing provided for a centralized control of the production processes, repair activities, material and accessory supply, for decreasing the labor consumption.

Implementing integral structure of a shop resulted in an increase of the shop foreman's role and in his increased wages. The engineer work also changed. Large specialized design and engineering services equipped with modern tools and techniques took place of separate low-productivity design and engineering ones.

It is impossible to imagine this county's contemporary time without UAZ vehicles. Having substituted GAZ-69, UAZ automobiles had a resolute step-in to the world market. If one compiles a list of all the countries where vehicles from Ulianovsk have been imported to since 1956, it will comprise nearly 100 states. To win such a large market UAZ had to undergo quite a number of trials. In 1974 UAZ-469 climbed Elbrus in 25 minutes, taking stops into account. (Only in 1997 a Landrover vehicle ventured to climb the same mountain to break the record.) Stone slopes, steep uneven rises were quite a new sensation even for the experienced testers, excellent racers V. Dunayev, Ju. Bulaghin, V. Kharuzha. The automobiles passed the trial with honors.

Testing the cross-country vehicles in the northern regions of this country became memorable for many drivers, designers and engineers. The tests were commenced since mid-1960es when first samples of UAZ-452A ambulances for the Far North and Siberia with auxiliary heating, double windows glazing and extra floor, roof and side thermo-insulation were produced at the plant. These vehicles were to pass all-round testing on heavy roads under frost down to -60? C. For several days test were run under -60? C in the Oimyakon region, while inside the ambulances a temperature of +30? C was held. In 1975 a race in Sahara was held, in 1979 - a race in Kara-Kum. Vehicles of such class had never before ridden there.

Praiseful responses about UAZ vehicles' performance are received from Colombia, Egypt, Nepal, European countries. Our automobiles are very popular on Cuba's sugar-cane plantations.

Trans-African race on four UAZ vehicles won broad fame in Italy. These vehicles are used for numerous tourists transporting on Vesuvius and Etna. In early 1960es the plant began cooperating with an Italian company of Martorelli brothers, which had been purchasing GAZ-69 and later UAZ vehicles.

In October 1978 in the town of San-Remo the second European competition of cross-country automobiles was held, where our vehicles took first places, and A.I. Kuznetsov, the plant representative, was awarded the "Silver Lifting Jack" main prize.

In 1989 on the invitation of the Central Television a team of our testers took part in the Great Silk Way expedition. UAZ vehicles have run 10,000 km over the Middle Asia roads, second in none to Mersedes-Benz automobiles, and breaking rises in mountains at altitudes over 2000 m above the sea-level the UAZ vehicles had advantages in speed.

In the last two decades there were a lot of changes at the plant. A constant work of modifying all the produced models is being done, new ones are being created. In 1980es the designers created several interesting automobiles, which were not put to serial production on a number of reasons. Thus, by 1980 an electromobile had been created, an ecologically clear model. A 1.5 metric tons mini-truck with a Diesel engine was designed for a plant in Kirovabad. And in 1983 a team of designers was awarded State prizes for designing a swimming automobile Jaguar. This model was intended for the Army, in particular for frontier guards. Its water speed was 8-10 km per hour; there is still no analogous vehicles in the world. In 1982 the automobile plant was awarded a diploma of the Trade and Industry Chamber of the USSR for the active participation in trade, economic and scientific and technical relations with foreign countries development

In 1992 plant was restructured into a open joint-stock company "Ulyanovsky Avtomobilny Zavod", an "Avtotekhobsluzhivaniye" company was created for servicing clients.

At present, more than a dozen on basic models and about a hundred modifications for all tastes leave the plant's assembly lines. In 1993 the UAZ-31514 new modification production was started with main new features of a metal roof and adjustable seats. In 1994 the UAZ family was extended with UAZ-31514-010 model with coil spring suspension. And in the October on that same year the plant was awarded the "Gold Globe" prize for the valuable contribution to the development of this country's national economy and integrating into the world economy, as well as for the competitive and quality products.

In February 1997 a new "3160" shop was put to production and producing of small series of automobiles (PAMS) was started. The first model here was UAZ-3153 with a lengthened base. On August 5 1997 the first sample lot of UAZ-3160 left the assembly line. This vehicle meets the requirements to the vehicles of such class by its technical and economic parameters and can be exploited in all the climatic zones of Russia. The techniques used allow to raise the resource to 220 thousand km. New engines installed, both petrol and Diesel (90 to 132 hp by "Volzhskiye Motory" and ZMZ) provide, depending on the type of the road, decrease the fuel consumption down to 14 liters per 100 km.

In 1996-2000 UAZ completed the first stage of modernizing the produced vehicles, having put to serial production the new UAZ-3160 jeep.

A all-round modernization of the traditional model has been performed in parallel:

long-base UAZ-3153 (stretch deluxe);

UAZ-3159 with electronic fuel injection ZMZ-409 engine by Zavolzhsky Motorny Zavod (ZMZ);

UAZ-39094 (Fermer-1 - "the Farmer") with 5-seat cab and a metal platform;

UAZ-39095 (Fermer-2) with a sleeping berth in the cab and a metal platform.

The work done to extend the variety of vehicle models allowed JSC UAZ to keep its automobile market in the total volume of automotive goods selling in the Russian Federation and UIS.

In 1998-2000 UAZ engineered the new UAZ-3162 "Simbir" long-base jeep. Serial production of the vehicle was started in January 2001.

UAZ has a strategic program of equipping the produced automobiles with new engine models, complying with Euro-2 ecology requirements. At present, vehicles are partly equipped with electronic fuel injection engines by the Zavolzhsky Motorny Zavod (ZMZ-409) and OJSC "Volzhskiye Motory" (4213 and 420 models).

In addition, work in under way for equipping the vehicle with Diesel engines by the Zavolzhsky Motorny Zavod, GAZ and, partly, by imported engines.

In 1996-2000 new production processes were innovated:

axles of new design production, enabling a 2 times greater axle resource as compared with those in serial production;

production of front disk brakes instead of drum ones;

production of 5-stage gear box for equipping the new UAZ-3160 and UAZ-3162 models;

Automobiles are equipped with new units:

a diaphragm clutch instead of a lever one, providing for twice as much resource;

hydraulic steering booster in place of the former worm device, improving vehicle steering;

In 1996-2000 UAZ did a lot to design a new light-weight semi-hood "Multi-van" vehicle. The basic model of the vehicle has 7-9 seats body with 3000 mm base. A modification is available to accommodate up to 12 persons.

UAZ exhibited the vehicle at Moscow auto show in 2000 and got much positive response.

In 1996-2000 much was done at the plant for developing and implementing a complex plan of scientific and technical progress.

In the Press and Welding Production Unit a production line of heavy 800 ton presses was innovated, a working area of truck metal platforms was put to production

In the Mechanic Assembly Production Unit a brake drum production line and a working area for assembling axles of new models were started.

In the General Designer Service a Design Center was implemented with a mock-up workshop to design new automobile models.

5000 meters of assembly lines were put to work in the production units, 20.0 thousands of circulating packages, 330 items of hosting and transportation equipment. Three all-round mechanized warehouses were put to work.

The OJSC UAZ products are delivered practically to all the regions of Russia and the neighboring countries, partnerships with the countries of Western Europe, Asia and Africa are being restored. The plant holds the European Gold Mercury prize for the sales volumes.

Issues of family life and social and cultural development have always been a prime aim for the plant's mangers. The plant has two recreation bases, a health center, a children's camp, its own medical service, an out-patients clinic, a medical diagnostic center. There is a "Torpedo" sport center with dozens of sports masters and candidates.

There are scores of clubs and hobby groups in the Culture And Technical Palace, the "Volga" people's dancing ensemble, the "Variant" ball dancing ensemble, the people's musical comedy theatre, the people's Circus on Stage.

The material prepared: UAZ History Museum, tel. (8422) 36-79-83.
The material supplied: Advertising Department, tel. (8422) 36-75-58.


Los modelos:

UAZ-31512 (the so called "komandirsky - commanders" is a passenger all-wheel drive automobile with a soft top (canopy) and a drop tail gate. Although it is one of our most inexpensive models, transporting passengers and load on any roads and, what is the most important, across rough country won't cause you any troubles: tested in action (in the Army, in rural districts) 92 hp engine, hard 4-doors body and practically immune to wear chassis won't let you down.
           You can choose a vehicle with front coil spring suspension or with small-leaf suspension, with standard or comfortable seats, etc. There are modifications with axles equipped with in-wheel reducers, so called "Army" axles.
           In short, if you need an inexpensive, undemanding and true Russian jeep, your choice is UAZ-31512.

Technical Specifications
Wheel arrangement 4 x 4
Number of seats 5 + 2
Overall dimensions 4025 x 1785 x 1990 mm
Ground clearance 220 mm (300 mm with reducing axles)
Fordability 0.7 m
The maximum surmountable slope with full weight 31o
Vehicle working weight 1600 kg
Full weight 2350 kg
Payload capacity 750 kg
Maximum speed 110 km per hour
Fuel consumption at 90 km per hour 16.2 liter per 100 km
ENGINE: UMZ 4178.10 carburetor
fuel A-76 petrol
displacement 2.445 liter
power, gross/net by  92 hp (76 hp)
MAX torque net torque by  159.8 newton * m (16.3 kgm * m) at 2200-2500 rpm
Gear box mechanical, four-stage
Transfer box two-shift, two-stage
Brake system dual circuit, with vacuum booster, drum
Tires 215/90-15Ñ, 215/90R15C, 225/75R16, 225R16C
Modifications: UAZ-31512-031 with reducing axles


For comfortable ride on any kind of road and in the open country a passenger UAZ-31514 (31519) is being produced, with a metal roof and improved interior finishing (the standard features set includes adjustable comfortable seats, soft interior upholstery, decorative finishing, front ELMO wheels disengagement coupling, "kengurin" additional tubular front guard, etc.).
You can choose a vehicle with front coil spring suspension or with small-leaf suspension, with standard or comfortable seats, with standard axles or the ones equipped with in-wheel reducers, so called "Army". There are modifications with a vent hatch, radio and tape recorder, of different comfort level (including "super deluxe" 31519-080) - for any taste.
The vehicle is equipped with one of three engines:

   92 hp (2.445 liter displacement, mounted on the 31514 family models) carburetor ZMZ-402 by Zavolzhsky Motorny Zavod or UMZ-4178 by Volzhskiye Motory
   the so called "three-liter" UMZ-4218 (98-100 hp carburetor, up to 2.89 liter displacement, may be installed on any UAZ-31519 models) by Volzhskiye Motory


Technical Specifications
  Wheel arrangement 4 x 4
Number of seats 5 + 2
Overall dimensions 4025 x 1785 x 2020 mm
Ground clearance 220 mm (300 mm with reducing axles)
Fordability 0.7 m
The maximum surmountable slope with full weight 31o
Vehicle working weight 1750 kg
Full weight 2500 kg
Payload capacity 750 kg
Maximum speed 110 (120) km per hour
Fuel consumption at 90 km per hour 16.2 (15.5) liter per 100 km
ENGINE: UMZ 4178.10 carburetor
fuel A-76 petrol
displacement 2.445 (2.89) liter
power, gross by  92 hp (98 hp)
power, net by  76 hp (84 hp)
MAX torque 159.8 newton * m (16.3 kgm * m) at 2200-2500 rpm,
net by  189 newton * m (19.3 kg * m) at 2200-2500 rpm
Gear box mechanical, four-stage
Transfer box two-shift, two-stage
Brake system dual circuit, with vacuum booster, drum
Tires 215/90-15C, 215/90R15C, 225/75R16, 225R16C
Modifications: UAZ-31514(19)-017-10 with front coil spring suspension, without outer plastic parts
UAZ-31514(19)-031,-037 with reducing axles
UAZ-31519-080-10 super de luxe


A new UAZ-3153 automobile model is assembled on the UAZ-31514 chassis, but as distinct from it, UAZ-3153 base is extended to 2760 mm and a more powerful (98 hp) engine is installed. The normal fuel consumption level is decreased and seating capacity increased (to 9 passengers).
UAZ-3153 vehicle is passenger-cargo, with four-door body, hard top, drop tail gate and trunk cover, the trunk significantly enlarged. The vehicle is intended for passenger and cargo transportation on all types of roads and across any country.
The fixtures installed:

* an improved vent and heating system
* safety belts on all the seats (except folding double seats)
* on-floor container
* a roof vent hatch
* adjustable soft seats with removable head-rests
* plastic cover plates on the dashboard, front fenders, body sills, sides panels and radiator grill
* a new "kengurin" - a additional tubular front guard
* headlights with hydraulic corrector
* radial tires
* noise-suppressing floor mat
* and so on


Technical Specifications
  Wheel arrangement 4 x 4
Number of seats 5 + 4
Overall dimensions 4514 x 1805 x 2025 mm
Ground clearance 220 mm
Fordability 0.7 m
The maximum surmountable slope with full weight 31o
Vehicle working weight 1800 kg
Full weight 2600 kg
Payload capacity 800 kg
Maximum speed 120 km per hour
Fuel consumption at 90 km per hour 15.5 liter per 100 km
ENGINE: UMZ 4218.10 carburetor
fuel A-76 petrol
displacement 2.89 liter
power, gross/net by  98 hp (84 hp)
MAX torque net torque by  189 newton * m (19.3 kgm * m) at 2200-2500 rpm
Gear box mechanical, four-stage
Transfer box two-stage
Brake system dual circuit, with vacuum booster, drum
Tires 225/75R16, 225R16C


UAZ-3159 is a new all-wheel drive cargo-passenger automobile based on the UAZ-3153 "stretch-deluxe", featuring a wider track (1600 mm) and enlarged to 300 mm ground clearance (due to reducing axles, for the first time (!) combined with the coil spring front and small-leaf rear suspension).
The vehicle has a greater cross-country capacity, better stability, motion smoothness and steering on roads with any coating.
The standard features were extended by:

steering wheel hydraulic booster
5-stage gear box
small-pitch transfer box

UAZ-3159 is equipped with a new generation 16-valve ZMZ-409 engine with electronic fuel injection. The engine has a cast-iron cylinder block, 2 camshafts in the cylinder head with a chain drive.
The interior was radically changed. A radio and tape recorder unit and an acoustic system are installed in standard places. Sliding door glasses with stops and roof hatch improve the ventilation. The seats covering is in harmony with the interior upholstering, and more far-back (as compared with the base UAZ-3153) rear triple seat became more comfortable.
New noise-suppressing material and doors' double sills resulted in a new level of comfort. A single swinging rear door with a lock like that installed into side doors and a spare wheel mounted on it enables free access to the load compartment, a wiper and a washer on the door provide for a clear rear window.
The vehicle is equipped with a spherical towing device, headlight hydraulic corrector, modified for a wider track fenders and side pieces, - all this as a whole gives it an elegant and finished look.
Auxiliary features (optional, to be separately ordered):

starting pre-heater with autonomous control
aluminium wheels
imported tires
toned glazing


Technical Specifications
Wheel arrangement 4 x 4
Number of seats 5 + 4
Overall dimensions 4550 x 1962 x 2100 mm
Ground clearance 300 mm
Vehicle working weight 2000 kg
Full weight 2800 kg
Payload capacity 800 kg
Maximum speed 140 km per hour
Fuel consumption at 90 km per hour 16.4 liter per 100 km
ENGINE: ZMZ-409 injector
fuel A-92 (-91) petrol
displacement 2.7 liter
power net by  132.6 hp
power gross by SAEj 816b 144.3 hp
MAX torque net by  223.7 newton * m (22.8 kgm * m) at 4000 rpm
Gear box mechanical, five-stage, synchronized
Transfer box fine-pitch, two-stage
Brake system dual circuit, with vacuum booster, drum
Tires 245/75R16 or 225/75R16


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